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Alt 25.03.08, 01:41   #1 (permalink)
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Question Is Europe alienating itself from Turkey?




Turkey's European Union bid appears to have been put on the backburner of the domestic agenda for a while, due to new social and political developments in the country. The same phenomenon can be observed in the European arena, especially after France and Germany voiced their desire to seek alternative roads for Turkey. In the light of these developments, what are the differences in the parties' behavior in international politics?
The answer to this question can be found in a recent work by Professor Paul Luif of the Austrian Institute for International Affairs (OIIP). Luif conducted a study to find the convergence of policies of the 27-nation bloc's newest and oldest members, and Turkey, on international issues. He delivered a speech at a meeting jointly organized by the OIIP and the Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) in Vienna last week where he explained the outcomes of this study.
Luif based his study on the countries' voting patterns in the U.N. General Assembly. The analysis revealed that new members gradually voted similarly to the oldest 15 members. Especially in countries situated at opposite ends with the EU in the 1970s, like Poland and Hungary, voting differences declined from 70 percent to 2 or 3 percent. One can observe that new members' decisions became more and more coherent with old members on issues like security and the Middle East.
With regard to Turkey, on the other hand, the voting trend displayed a 30 percent difference with the EU in the 1970s. However, Turkey moved closer to the average of new members in the 1990s. Especially in the 2000s, one can observe that Turkey's policies converge more and more with Europe's especially in the voting patterns.
The only exception where Turkey displays 10 percent of difference with Europe is the issue of human rights and the Middle East. However, even in human rights the difference in perception fell from 35 percent to 10 percent in the last decade.

France's situation
The study also revealed that as far as post 2000 voting is concerned, Turkey's stance diverged more from that of the United States, and its decisions were more parallel to the European ones. U.S.-Turkish alienation after Turkey refused America's request to use its territory to attack Iraq seems to be perceived as a paradigm shift in the study. It is a fact that Turkey has adopted policies compatible with the EU after this development.
One interesting outcome revealed by the study is that France and Britain are the countries displaying the most divergence from the EU's stance on international issues. Both countries showed 10-15 percent of difference from common EU positions. This ratio is even higher than the EU-Turkey difference, let alone the old member-new member dichotomy.
In brief, Luif's study reveals that, despite a slowdown in Turkish-EU relations, Turkey follows a similar path with the EU in political decision-making processes.


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