Go Back   ForumTayfa > Eğitim > Ödevler - Dersler - Tezler > Yabancı Diller

Yeni Konu aç  Cevapla
LinkBack Seçenekler Stil
Alt 26.11.08, 19:09   #1 (permalink)
Deneyimli Tayfa
ksklee - ait Kullanıcı Resmi (Avatar)
Üyelik Tarihi: Jun 2007
Nereden: _karsiyaka_
Mesaj Sayısı: 3.795
Konu Sayısı: 948
Takım: Galatasaray
Rep Gücü: 160502
Rep Puanı: 16048606
Rep Derecesi : ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000ksklee 0-10000000
Ruh Hali:

Arrow Inversion



Inversion is used to give emphasis or to be rhetorical in more formal situations, in political speeches, on the news, and also in literature. Some native speakers may also use them occasionally in day-to-day conversation.

Look at these examples, and then try the exercises at the bottom of the page.

At no time
e.g. At no time did I say I would accept late homework.

This is used to refer to an event that quickly follows another. It is usually used with the past perfect.

e.g. Hardly had I got into bed, when there was a knock at the door.

Less used is Hardly....before.

e.g. Hardly had I left before the trouble started.


e.g. Little did I know that he was a compulsive liar.

Little does she know what surprises we have in store for her.

No sooner.....than

This is used to refer to an event that quickly follows another. It is usually used with the past perfect, but sometimes with the simple past.

e.g. No sooner had I reached the door than I realised it was locked.

No sooner did I reach the door than I realised it was locked.

Not + object

e.g. Not a single word did she say.

Not only.....but also

e.g. "Not only has McDonalds, which employs over 1
million people worldwide, played a huge role in pioneering low standards now equated with the word "McJobs", but it has also decided to restrict our ability to have a public discussion about the impact of the McJobs phenomenon", Naomi Klein, "No Logo: Taking Aim at Brand Bullies" (Toronto: Vintage Canada, 2000)

Not until

e.g. Not until January will I have a holiday.


e.g. Nowhere had Susan seen a more beautifully decorated room.

Only after

This is usually used with the simple past.

e.g. Only after the film started did I realise that I'd seen it before.

On no account/Under no circumstances

e.g. On no account should you be absent from your seminars.

Only then/if/when/later

This is usually used with the simple past.

e.g. Only then did I know what I had got myself into.


These are most commonly used with the present perfect or past perfect, & with modals such as can and could. The present simple can also be used.

e.g. Seldom have I seen him looking so miserable.

"Rarely does a movie make you feel so warm and so uneasy at the same time." - Review of `Hearts in Atlantis` in the Canadian Province, 28/09/01

Never in her life had she experienced this exhilarating emotion.


This is used to refer to an event that quickly follows another. It is usually used with the past perfect.

e.g. Scarcely had I arrived home when there was a knock on the door.


This is a common inversion, usually used with an adjective & the verb `be`.

e.g. So exciting was the soap opera, that I forgot to do my English homework.

It can also be used with much.

e.g. So much did she adore John, that she would not give him up.


Used with the verb `be` and a noun, it means so much or so great.

e.g. Such was the popularity of the soap opera, that the streets were deserted whenever it was on.

Use of Question Form

In this case, the question form (auxiliary + subject + main verb) takes the place of the standard positive sentence structure (i.e. He goes to work every day):


Not only do I enjoy classical music, but I also have a season ticket to the symphony.
Seldom has the boss been so upset!

In this case, the question form is substituted for standard sentence structure in a statement. Generally, an inversion is used to stress the uniqueness of an event and begins with a negative.

Negative Adverbials

Time expressions: never, rarely, seldom

These time expressions are used with a perfect form or with modals and often include comparatives:


Never have I been more insulted!
Seldom has he seen anything stranger.

Time expressions: hardly, barely, no sooner, or scarcely

These time expressions are used when a there are a succession of events in the past.


Scarcely had I got out of bed when the doorbell rang.
No sooner had he finished dinner, when she walked in the door.

After 'Only' Expressions such as 'only after', 'only when', 'only then', etc.

'Only' is used with a time expression.


Only then did I understand the problem.
Only after understanding the situation does the teacher make a comment.

After 'Little'

'Little' is used in a negative sense.


Little did he understand the situation.
Little have I read concerning nanotechnology.

Inversion after 'So', 'Such', and 'That'


'So + adjective ... that' combines with the verb 'to be'.


So strange was the situation that I couldn't sleep.
So difficult is the test that students need three months to prepare.


'So + to be + noun ... (that)':


Such is the moment that all greats traverse.
Such is the stuff of dreams.

Inverted Conditional Forms

Sometimes conditional forms are inverted as a means of sounding more formal. In this case, the conditional 'if' is dropped and the inverted forms takes the place of the 'if clause'.


Had he understood the problem, he wouldn't have committed those mistakes.
Should he decide to come, please telephone.

ksklee isimli Üye şimdilik offline konumundadır   Alıntı ile Cevapla

Konuyu Toplam 1 Üye okuyor. (0 Kayıtlı üye ve 1 Misafir)

Konu Acma Yetkiniz Yok
Cevap Yazma Yetkiniz Yok
Eklenti Yükleme Yetkiniz Yok
Mesajınızı Değiştirme Yetkiniz Yok

BB code is Açık
Smileler Açık
[IMG] Kodları Açık
HTML-Kodu Kapalı
Trackbacks are Açık
Pingbacks are Açık
Refbacks are Açık

Tüm Zamanlar GMT +3 Olarak Ayarlanmış. Şuanki Zaman: 19:06.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Search Engine Optimization by vBSEO 3.6.0
User Alert System provided by Advanced User Tagging v3.0.6 (Lite) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2020 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

Arşiv: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 22 23 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 95 96 97 98 99 100 102 103 104 105 106 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 167 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271

ForumTayfa - Link Değişimi
Telinka İletişim | Voip Ürünleri | Link Değişimine Katılın |

Sitemiz bir forum sitesi olduğundan dolayı, kullanıcılar her türlü görüşlerini önceden onay olmadan anında siteye yazabilmektedir. ForumTayfa Yöneticileri mesajları itina ile kontrol etse de, bu yazılardan dolayı doğabilecek her türlü sorumluluk yazan kullanıcılara aittir. Yine de sitemizde yasalara aykırı unsurlar bulursanız [email protected] email adresine bildirebilirsiniz, şikayetiniz incelendikten sonra en kısa sürede gereken yapılacaktır.

Any member of our web site has the right of adding comments instantly without getting permisson due to the forum structure of our site basis. Althought, our site modarators check comments with care, all the responsibilities sourced from these comments directly belong to the members. If you still find any illegal content in our site ( A.buse, H.arassment, S.camming, H.acking, W.arez, C.rack, D.ivx, Mp.3 or any Illegal Activity ), please report us via [email protected] .Your reports will be evaluated as soon as the arrival of your e-mail.